NCLAT observed that it is the settled law of land that the approval of the Resolution Plan depending upon various factors including feasibility, viability, financial matrix and distribution mechanism rests upon the business decision taken by the Committee of Creditors in its commercial wisdom which are not to be interfered with by the Adjudicating Authority or even by this Appellate Tribunal.

But at the same time the Adjudicating Authority has to ensure that the Successful Resolution Applicant(s) are not ineligible to submit Resolution Plan within the ambit of Section 29A and that the approved Resolution Plan complies with the mandate of Section 30(2) of the ‘I&B Code’.

While considering whether the Resolution Plan approved by the Committee of Creditors does not emanate from any ineligible person, does not contravene any of the provisions of the law in force and provides for management of affairs of the Corporate Debtor after approval of the Resolution Plan, the Adjudicating Authority has to keep in view the object of the legislation.

Section 29A inserted by amending Act No.8 of 2018 declares certain persons ineligible to be Resolution Applicants. It cannot be disputed that the person who is promoter or in the management or in control of the Resolution Applicant or is promoter or in management or in control of the business of the Corporate Debtor during the implementation of the Resolution Plan falls within the expression ‘connected person’.

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